• Tag Archives Treasury Bonds
  • “From Nukes To Terrorism”: Battered Investors Flee Risk For Safety Of C And Gold

    The global risk-off mood accelerated overnight on Trump “stability concerns”, coupled with fallout from the Spain terrorist attack and lingering North Korea tensions, even if the VIX is off its latest highs, trading just above 15. Investors fled into German and U. S. Treasury bonds and bought gold for the third day in a row, as the appeal of such top-notch assets grew further due to a deadly attack that killed at least 13 people in Barcelona.
    “In a week where we started by worrying about nuclear war, markets have quickly moved on from this, with yesterday’s weak session more of a response to fears that Mr Trump’s strategy for the economy and business is falling apart and later the terrible terrorist attack in Barcelona,” is how DB’s Jim Reid summarized the week’s psychedelic events.
    Concerns that Trump’s stimulus is in peril spiked following speculation that his top economic advisor, former Goldman COO Gary Cohn, was set to resign roiled markets on Thursday until reports that he’d opted to stay on board steadied the ship, however heightened terror fears added to the risk off sentiment after at least 13 people died when a van plowed into pedestrians in Barcelona. The terror attack was a reminder of lingering geopolitical risks, with nerves still raw after last week’s escalation of tensions on the Korean peninsula.

    This post was published at Zero Hedge on Aug 18, 2017.


  • Better Investor Risk Appetite Fuels World Stock Markets Rallies

    World stock markets were mostly higher again Tuesday, on a further apparent de-escalation of the U. S. and North Korea stand-off regarding its nuclear missiles. North Korean news reports Tuesday said President Kim Jong Un has decided not to fire missiles at Guam. The U. S. secretary of defense and secretary of state, as well as other Trump administration officials, in recent days said they are trying to achieve denuclearization of North Korea through diplomacy. U. S. stock indexes are pointed toward higher openings when the New York day session begins.
    The safe-haven assets gold and U. S. Treasury bonds are seeing price pressure from the better risk appetite in the world marketplace so far this week. Gold prices are down about $11.00 an ounce in pre-U. S.-session trading Tuesday.

    This post was published at Wall Street Examiner on August 15, 2017.


  • Apple Now Owns $51.5 Billion In Treasurys, More Than Mexico, Turkey Or Norway

    Every quarter, Apple manages to impress with its gargantuan cash hoard, which in Q2 rose to $262 billion (which however is $153 billion net of debt), a new all time high as shown in the chart below.

    While it is widely known that of this $262 billion, the vast majority, or $246 billion is held offshore, what is less appreciated is that Apple’s actual cash is just $18.6 billion. The rest is held in various securities, both short- and long-term, something we first reported back in September when we introduced readers to Braeburn Capital, the firm that actually manages Apple’s quarter trillion in asset holdings.
    In the five years that have passed since then, Apple’s AUM have grown. Substantially.
    As the company reported in its latest 10Q, as of June 30, AAPL now owns enough assets to not only put even the world’s largest hedge fund, Bridgewater with less than $200Bn in assets to shame, but some of the world’s largest holders of Treasurys. Of its total $243 billion in Short and Long-Term securities, Apple owned a whopping $51.5 billion in Treasurys, split between $20.1 billion in T-Bills and $31.3 billion in Treasury Bonds.

    This post was published at Zero Hedge on Aug 3, 2017.


  • Chinese Leverage to Kill Petro-dollar

    The Chinese Govt is greatly irritated by the requirement to use USDollars in payment for crude oil in the global market. The Beijing officials finally have some leverage in arranging for a major deal to pay for crude oil in RMB currency, their Yuan. The negotiations have been in progress for a couple months. The development is not covered well in the financial press, not even in the alternative media. It will happen, just a matter of time. Its effect will be far reaching and likely devastating.
    The global currency reserve status for the USDollar is at severe heightened risk. It will not be deposed via financial markets, like with a bond market failure or a COMEX gold market default with bust. Such is folly to imagine as likely to occur. The Western bankers are expert at rigging the financial markets, one and all. Their central bank bond support has extended to stock market support, soon to corporate bond wide support also. The USGovt is hanging onto its power base in increased isolation. The assaults are on many flanks and platforms.
    ESSENCE OF PETRO-DOLLAR
    Its essence is the sale of crude oil universally in USDollar terms. Typically the payment form is the USTreasury Bill. The OPEC crew typically sock their surplus petro dollars in USTreasury Bonds. The sale proceeds never exit the USD form. The deal was struck in 1973 by the Rockefeller agent named Heinz Kissinger. It came in the wake of the abrogated Bretton Woods Gold Standard, which Nixon violated with force and audacity. In fact, the arrangement was suggested by the US side of the table. Nevermind that it was Rockefeller who hatched the idea of a tripled oil price, the exact opposite of what has been inscribed in the historical annals. The other little item in the Petro-Dollar defacto standard treaty is that the Saudis, along with the Gulf Arab neighbors, would buy USMilitary hardware exclusively. The USGovt would provide them with plenty of regional conflict. Over the four decades since, the Arabs have accumulated a few cool $trillion in USTBonds. The TIC Report on foreign bond assets is a gigantic fabrication. Most Saudi bond holdings have been hijacked and stolen, used as the core to the USDept Treasury’s vaunted Exchange Stabilization Fund. They will never see at least $3 trillion in sequestered bonds. A joke here, since the ESFund is the most secretive multi-$trillion fund in human history.

    This post was published at GoldSeek on July 30, 2017.


  • Enter The NatGas Cartel

    The King Dollar is mortally wounded. Many notice but the masses seem largely unaware. Since 1971, the Gold Standard has been removed from its anchor position. But since 1973, the Petro-Dollar has taken its place. It has called for crude oil sales led by the Saudis and OPEC to be transacted in USDollar terms, for oil surpluses to be stored in USTreasury Bonds, and for some kickbacks from the Saudis to the USMilitary complex for weapons purchases. Of course, the US is ready willing and able to create strife and to foment wars whereby the Arab oil monarchs will need more weapons. Since 2014, many events have pointed to the crippled condition of the important link between the USDollar and crude oil. The price has plunged by 50% of more, and not recovered. It is currently lurching in the nether bounds near the $45 level. Anything less than $65 to $70 per barrel is very dangerous for keeping the oil sovereigns afloat and for keeping the US energy sector solvent. Witness the Wall Street banks having tremendous problems with impaired bonds and toxic energy portfolios. They seem not resolvable. They cannot keep the oil price over $50, a sign of their impotence.
    Not enough financial analysts connect the new normal of a much lower crude oil price with the eventual vanishing act of the Petro-Dollar. The Wall Street banks are deeply exposed on their entire energy portfolios, which include both bonds and commercial loans. Tens of $billions will have to be written off as loss, beyond the $billions already declared as losses. These corrupt banks have worked their magic to lift the oil price above the $50 level, but failed. They worked the task for over a year, but failed. They need an oil price over $60, but failed. The Saudis did not help the cause, by their ongoing extra output to finance their filthy Yemen War. The Saudis earned the anger of their OPEC partners, especially the Gulf Arab allies. The Wall Street banks deeply resent the Saudis for this deed, but the USMilitary complex loves the Saudis. The other Arab oil producers also harbor consider rancor toward the Saudis, who really have no friends in the entire Persian Gulf region. They are so worthy of a palace coup, which would bring clamors of rejoicing in many corners of the West if it were to occur. The day might be close.

    This post was published at GoldSeek on July 5, 2017.


  • Jackass’ Red Glare Upon The Petrodollar

    For your holiday listening pleasure, Jim Willie returns for a comprehensive discussion of the petrodollar and how current events around the Arabian Peninsula are a sign of great distress for this monetary scheme.
    Again, what is the “petrodollar”. The idea was championed by Henry Kissinger in 1973 as a way to create ongoing demand for US dollars by maintaining the pricing of crude oil in dollars only. The effects of this were two-fold:
    To create constant demand for dollars…dollars which were now completely unhinged from any gold backing…and this demand would soak up any excess supply of new currency being printed in the US for military and social purposes. To force oil-exporting nations to keep their foreign currency reserves in dollars, thus creating an ongoing demand for US treasury bonds. This constant demand for bonds would help to keep interest rates…and thus the US debt service cost…unnaturally low.

    This post was published at TF Metals Report By Turd Ferguson /July 3, 2017.


  • Is This Why The Fed Is Raising Rates???

    Authored by Chris Hamilton via Econimica blog,
    As the Fed is in the midst of a rate hike cycle, it seems important to remember why this cycle is like no previous rate hike cycle. The mechanics of this hiking cycle are completely unique and experimental…thus the outcome is far more of an unknown than “normal”.
    Why? In a typical cycle, the Fed would sell a relatively small portion of its assets…er, balance sheet (typically short duration bills and notes) to banks. This would withdraw some of banks liquid funds (replacing them with less liquid assets) and create “tightness”. This tightness would push overnight lending rates higher and the daisy chain of rising rates would work its way through from the shortest eventually all the way to the 30yr Treasury bonds.
    However, this time, nothing like that is happening. This is because the Fed sold all its short term notes/bills (in Operation Twist) and bought longer duration MBS (mortgage backed securities) and longer duration Treasuries in Quantitative Easing to the tune of $4.5 trillion. Further, since the Fed bought most of these assets from large banks, these banks held much of the proceeds from these sales at the FRB (Federal Reserve Bank). For the Fed to perform typical rate hikes, it would need to remove most of the $2.1 trillion banks are now sitting on in excess reserves @ the FRB…likely creating a crisis in the process. Conversely, if the Fed can’t contain the $2.1 trillion at the FRB, and the reserves are leveraged into the market…stand back in awe of the mother of all bubbles.
    Thus, the Fed has instead determined to raise rates via paying banks interest on these excess reserves to maintain the reserves at the Federal Reserve. In short, pay banks not to lend money, not to invest the reserves. This is just like Federal programs that paid farmers not to farm…IOER (interest on excess reserves) pays big bankers not to bank.

    This post was published at Zero Hedge on Jun 30, 2017.


  • The Incredible Shrinking Relative Float Of Treasury Bonds

    Via Global Macro Monitor blog,
    Lots of hand wringing these days about the flattening yield curve. We still maintain our position that the signal from the bond market is significantly distorted due to the global central bank intervention (QE) into the bond markets. See here and here.
    Most of what is happening with the U. S. yield curve is technical. Sure, traders can get a wild hair up their arse, believing the economy is slowing and try and game duration by punting in the cash or futures markets. Given the small relative float of the U. S. Treasury bond market, however, it doesn’t take much buying to move yields. In the words of economists, the supply curve of outstanding Treasuries is very inelastic.
    This is illustrated in the following chart. The combined market cap of just Apple and Amazon at today’s close is larger than the entire the float of outstanding Treasury notes and bonds that mature from 2027-2027. We define float (US$1.16 trillion) as total Treasury securities (2027-2047) outstanding (US$1.73 trillion) less Fed holdings (US$575 billion).

    This post was published at Zero Hedge on Jun 23, 2017.


  • Bonds and Related Indicators (and more macro discussion)

    The target for TLT continues to be around 129. Treasury bonds are in bull trends (remember back a few months ago to all the bond hatred in the media). How does an eventual decline in bonds square with what we just noted above regarding Q4 2008? [work done in the preceding Precious Metals segment] Treasury bonds were a wonderfully bullish asset during Armageddon ’08 and who’s to say that an upside blow off may not be coming sooner rather than later amid massively over bullish sentiment? I mean, there is certainly no stop sign at our 129 target. Sentiment, as we are all too aware, can take a long while to manifest in pricing.

    This post was published at GoldSeek on Monday, 19 June 2017.


  • The Three Headed Debt Monster That’s Going to Ravage the Economy

    Mass Infusions of New Credit
    ‘The bank is something more than men, I tell you. It’s the monster. Men made it, but they can’t control it.’ – John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath
    Something strange and somewhat senseless happened this week. On Tuesday, the price of gold jumped over $13 per ounce. This, in itself, is nothing too remarkable. However, at precisely the same time gold was jumping, the yield on the 10-Year Treasury note was slip sliding down to 2.15 percent.
    In short, investors were simultaneously anticipating inflation and deflation. Naturally, this is a gross oversimplification. But it does make the point that something peculiar is going on with these markets.
    Clear thinking and simple logic won’t make heads or tails of things. For example, late Wednesday and then into Thursday the reverse happened. Gold gave back practically all $13 per ounce it had gained on Tuesday, while the yield on the 10-Year Treasury note climbed back up to 2.19 percent. What to make of it?
    With a little imagination one can conceive of where the money’s coming from to buy Treasury bonds. More than likely, it has something to do with central bank intervention into credit markets. Though, the Federal Reserve is not the only culprit.

    This post was published at Acting-Man on June 9, 2017.


  • Stocks, Bonds, Euro, and Gold Go Up – Precious Metals Supply and Demand

    Driven by Credit
    The jobs report was disappointing. The prices of gold, and even more so silver, took off. In three hours, they gained $18 and 39 cents. Before we try to read into the connection, it is worth pausing to consider how another market responded. We don’t often discuss the stock market (and we have not been calling for an imminent stock market collapse as many others have).
    The initial reaction in the US equities market (futures, as this was before the opening bell) was down. But it was muted, and then in a few hours turned around and the market ended even higher.
    Each stock represents a business. Presumably, if jobs growth was disappointing then this is bad for stocks on two grounds. One is that companies hire based on their revenue expectations. Slow or no hiring means slow or no revenue growth. The other is that people who aren’t hired don’t buy as much, and so there is a feedback loop into sluggish business revenue growth.
    However, the stock market disagreed. It said let’s cut the earnings yield a bit more, from 3.94% to 3.93%. This presumably means that earnings are set to take off (or it could mean that everyone from wage-earners who pour their surplus into the stock market to older speculators are not thinking about earnings yield).
    Not only did the stock market go up, so did the euro. As did US Treasury bonds. And, finally, gold and silver. What is the one thing that these all have in common?
    It is possible to borrow to buy these assets.
    We read this as a garden-variety day of credit expansion. Folks, this is how the monetary system is supposed to work, according to mainstream economic thought. Based on <insert story du jour>, people borrow to buy assets. This creates a wealth effect, as rising asset prices makes people (at least those who own those assets) feel richer. When they feel richer, they go out to eat more, buy more Rolexes and Porsches, and that employs everyone else. Or so their theory goes.
    Fundamental Developments
    Stock analysts have a wealth of material to study the fundamentals of public companies. We leave that work to them. We have a theory, model, and now a robust software platform to study and calculate the fundamentals of gold and silver.

    This post was published at Acting-Man on June 6, 2017.


  • A Look at the Silver/Gold Ratio, Inflation/Deflation and the Yield Curve

    An email from a reader (of the eLetter, I think) calling me out on trying to make too many correlations in a dysfunctional market (I think that was his bottom line point, and he’s got a good point) got me thinking about the Silver/Gold ratio and some pretty interesting post-2011 dysfunction (so it seems) in the markets.
    Markets that made sense in certain ways prior to 2011 no longer make sense in the same ways. For instance, the S&P 500 used to be correlated to the Silver/Gold ratio, which itself was positively correlated to inflation and/or inflationary economic growth. Gold also liked for silver to be leading it, not the other way around.
    But in 2011 a Goldilocks environment was rammed home by Ben Bernanke’s decree (in September of that year) that the Fed would ‘sanitize’ (his word for manipulate, coerce and completely screw up bond market signals that had been tried and true) inflation and its indicator signaling right out of the picture. The Fed’s ‘Operation Twist’ buying of long-term Treasury bonds and selling of short-term Treasury bonds forced a yield curve that had been out of control to the upside, downward. Brilliant!
    In 2017 it’s the gift that keeps on giving, from dear old Ben as the resultant yield curve downtrend has been relentless and it has been stock bulls that have benefited despite the 2015 disturbance that temporarily shook a lot of people out of stocks. To be sure, Goldilocks has not only been Fed-induced, but also has benefited from global deflationary forces that now appear to be resolving toward an inflation phase in many global regions (here we again note Kevin Muir’s sound thought process about Europe potentially doing the US monetary policy thing).

    This post was published at SilverSeek on May 12th, 2017.


  • TBAC(o) Road: Treasury Borrowing Advisory Committee Against Mnuchin’s ‘Ultra-long’ Treasury Bond Idea (Competing with Japan, France, Italy)

    This is a syndicated repost courtesy of Confounded Interest. To view original, click here. Reposted with permission.
    While Treasury Secretary Mnuchin has been pushing extending the maturity of US Treasury Bonds beyond their current longest maturity of 30 years, the Treasury Borrowing Advisory Committee (TBAC) issued a warning against issuing ‘ultra-long’ Treasury bonds.
    Lastly, the Committee commented on the demand for ultra-long debt, noting that the regular and predictable issuance policy should remain the central consideration to minimize Treasury’s funding cost over time. While an ultra-long is most likely to be demanded by those with longer-dated liabilities, the Committee does not see evidence of strong or sustainable demand for maturities beyond 30-years. The Committee recommended that further work be done to study these demand dynamics to get a better sense of where an ultra-long bond might price, which could be above or below the longest maturity debt issuance based on the pricing of domestic ultra-long derivatives, ultra-long bonds abroad, and theoretical models.

    This post was published at Wall Street Examiner by Anthony B Sanders ‘ May 3, 2017.


  • DOJ Probing Goldman For Rigging Treasury Auctions

    While we doubt anything material will emerge for various obvious reasons, the NY Post reports that the DOJ is probing Goldman Sachs for alleged Treasury auction rigging: the charge is that Goldman, one of the 23 US primary dealers, won almost all Treasury bond auctions from 2007 to about 2011 even after the Treasury department established safeguards to maintain competitiveness. The case is said to center on chats and emails showing Goldman traders sharing price information with traders at other banks:
    Chats and emails believed to show Goldman traders sharing sensitive price information with traders at other banks are at the center of the case, according to sources familiar with the investigation.
    ‘They didn’t lose many bids,’ one person who has seen the bid data told The Post. The prices Goldman offered for Treasury bonds ‘would be very close’ but just above offers from other banks, and typically arrived ‘at the end of the auction.’
    While not the first time we have had news of a DOJ probe into Treasury market rigging – the Post itself reported last March virtually the same story, namely that “Goldman Sachs probed in alleged Treasury rigging“, and prior that in June of 2015 – the details are new, and suggest that collusion between the banks reaches far beyond merely FX. Also notable is the deference to Goldman by other banks, raising questions what was the quid pro quo. The timing is also notable, coming at a time when at least half a dozen Goldman Sachs alumni are in high levels of the executive branch. Which is perhaps why Goldman feels compelled to clarify that “No one has accused any bank, or Mnuchin or Cohn, of any wrongdoing.”

    This post was published at Zero Hedge on May 3, 2017.


  • The Social Security Trust Fund Is Just a Stack of IOUs in a West Virginia Filing Cabinet

    The Social Security Trust Fund every retiree is relying on is not what most Americans believe it is.
    The brutal truth is this $2.85 trillion fund, which is supposed to keep the Social Security program solvent until the year 2033, has no money in it whatsoever.
    The entirety of the Social Security Trust Fund is held in ‘special obligation bonds,’ a type of government bond issued for a single purpose (in this case, the funding of Social Security benefits).
    In other words, this ‘fund’ is actually debt.
    And unlike marketable Treasury bonds, these special obligation bonds can’t be sold. They only have value if the U. S. government buys them back.
    They also differ from marketable Treasuries in that they exist in paper form. All of them are stored in two loose-leaf binders in a filing cabinet at the ‘Bureau of Public Debt’ in Parkersburg, W. Va.
    But what many people fail to realize is that what the paper bonds represent isn’t money that can be sent to Social Security beneficiaries, but debt owed by the U. S. government.
    President George W. Bush made that clear on a little-remembered visit to Parkersburg in April of 2005:
    ‘A lot of people in America think there’s a trust, in this sense – that we take your money through payroll taxes and then we hold it for you, and then when you retire, we give it back to you. But that’s not the way it works.

    This post was published at Wall Street Examiner on March 31, 2017.


  • Gold Prices 3% as Fed Rate Rise Lags Inflation, Dollar Falls, Greek Debt Deadlines Loom

    Gold prices rose further Thursday in London, gaining almost 3% in Dollar terms since the Federal Reserve raised US interest rates as expected yesterday, and also raised its forecast for interest-rate hikes ahead.
    Continuing to re-invest the central bank’s $4 trillion QE holdings of US Treasury bonds as they mature, the Fed’s Open Market Committee now sees its key rate ending 2017 no lower than 1.4% versus 1.1% at the December meeting.
    The Fed Funds rate will end 2018 between 2.1% and 2.9%, according to the FOMC’s March projections, higher from Dec’s range of 1.9% to 2.6%.
    “Inflation has increased in recent quarters,” said Fed chair Janet Yellen, announcing the clearly-telegraphed rise in rates to a ceiling of 1.00%.
    US headline inflation rose last month to a 5-year high of 2.7%.
    With the Dollar falling again on the FX market this morning, Asian and European stock markets also followed Wall Street’s strong gains after the Fed announcement, driving the MSCI World Index to new all-time highs.

    This post was published at FinancialSense on 03/16/2017.


  • Investing in Gold Stocks Will Offer 50.1% and 81.2% Returns

    Although prices have dipped 2.8% to $1,232 this month, investing in gold is still one of the best profit strategies this year. That’s because we expect gold prices to rise 13.6% to $1,400 by the end of 2017.
    You could buy some physical gold to take advantage of these gains, but there is a much better way to invest in gold and reap much larger returns. We’re talking about gold mining stocks, and we found two that could surge 50.1% and 81.2% by next March.
    Here’s why Money Morning Resource Specialist Peter Krauth says you should start investing in gold stocks in 2017…
    Why Investing in Gold Stocks Will Hand You Profits in 2017
    Krauth believes gold prices and gold stocks will rise this year thanks to one factor: rising inflation.
    Right now, the year-over-year inflation rate is at a five-year high of 2.5% as of January. This rate is going to continue upward as the stock market keeps hitting record-breaking highs and as yields on 10-year Treasury bonds increase.
    Inflation generally has an inverse relationship with a strong stock market. This means that a stock market rally causes the purchasing power of the U. S. dollar to plummet, which isn’t good for the overall economy.

    This post was published at Wall Street Examiner on March 16, 2017.


  • Ten Economic Ideas That Reduce Your Wealth

    Our country is beset by a large number of economic myths that distort public thinking on important problems and lead us to accept unsound and dangerous government policies. Here are ten of the most dangerous of these myths and an analysis of what is wrong with them.
    Myth #1
    Deficits are the cause of inflation; deficits have nothing to do with inflation.
    In recent decades we always have had federal deficits. The invariable response of the party out of power, whichever it may be, is to denounce those deficits as being the cause of our chronic inflation. And the invariable response of whatever party is in power has been to claim that deficits have nothing to do with inflation. Both opposing statements are myths.
    Deficits mean that the federal government is spending more than it is taking in taxes. Those deficits can be financed in two ways. If they are financed by selling Treasury bonds to the public, then the deficits are not inflationary. No new money is created; people and institutions simply draw down their bank deposits to pay for the bonds, and the Treasury spends that money. Money has simply been transferred from the public to the Treasury, and then the money is spent on other members of the public.
    On the other hand, the deficit may be financed by selling bonds to the banking system. If that occurs, the banks create new money by creating new bank deposits and using them to buy the bonds. The new money, in the form of bank deposits, is then spent by the Treasury, and thereby enters permanently into the spending stream of the economy, raising prices and causing inflation. By a complex process, the Federal Reserve enables the banks to create the new money by generating bank reserves of one-tenth that amount. Thus, if banks are to buy $100 billion of new bonds to finance the deficit, the Fed buys approximately $10 billion of old treasury bonds. This purchase increases bank reserves by $10 billion, allowing the banks to pyramid the creation of new bank deposits or money by ten times that amount. In short, the government and the banking system it controls in effect “print” new money to pay for the federal deficit.
    Thus, deficits are inflationary to the extent that they are financed by the banking system; they are not inflationary to the extent they are underwritten by the public.

    This post was published at Gary North on February 25, 2017.


  • Ten Great Economic Myths

    Our country is beset by a large number of economic myths that distort public thinking on important problems and lead us to accept unsound and dangerous government policies. Here are ten of the most dangerous of these myths and an analysis of what is wrong with them.
    Myth #1
    Deficits are the cause of inflation; deficits have nothing to do with inflation.
    In recent decades we always have had federal deficits. The invariable response of the party out of power, whichever it may be, is to denounce those deficits as being the cause of our chronic inflation. And the invariable response of whatever party is in power has been to claim that deficits have nothing to do with inflation. Both opposing statements are myths.
    Deficits mean that the federal government is spending more than it is taking in taxes. Those deficits can be financed in two ways. If they are financed by selling Treasury bonds to the public, then the deficits are not inflationary. No new money is created; people and institutions simply draw down their bank deposits to pay for the bonds, and the Treasury spends that money. Money has simply been transferred from the public to the Treasury, and then the money is spent on other members of the public.
    On the other hand, the deficit may be financed by selling bonds to the banking system. If that occurs, the banks create new money by creating new bank deposits and using them to buy the bonds. The new money, in the form of bank deposits, is then spent by the Treasury, and thereby enters permanently into the spending stream of the economy, raising prices and causing inflation. By a complex process, the Federal Reserve enables the banks to create the new money by generating bank reserves of one-tenth that amount. Thus, if banks are to buy $100 billion of new bonds to finance the deficit, the Fed buys approximately $10 billion of old treasury bonds. This purchase increases bank reserves by $10 billion, allowing the banks to pyramid the creation of new bank deposits or money by ten times that amount. In short, the government and the banking system it controls in effect “print” new money to pay for the federal deficit.

    This post was published at Ludwig von Mises Institute on Feb 22, 2017.


  • Dazed & Confused… Treasury Buying Versus Asset Valuations?

    I’m dazed & confused…economists and the consensus all acknowledge 2001 and 2007 were low interest rate, debt driven financial and economic bubbles. However, somehow today’s even lower interest rate environment resulting in an additional $9.5 trillion in equity valuation from the last bubble peak…this one is legit and isn’t a bubble???
    What I’m even more confused about is who, exactly, is buying all the Treasury debt while simultaneously buying all the equity’s (and real estate, and and and)? The chart below shows average monthly Treasury issuance over different periods and how much was purchased by the US domestic public (pensions, insurers, banks, institutional buyers, and private citizens). I’m astounded that somehow the domestic public is able to push equity prices up by over $16 trillion from there ’09 lows while simultaneously buying record quantities of Treasury debt. The TIC data (Treasury International Capital system) combined with Fed data and further Treasury data show the public is presently purchasing nearly $70 billion a month (average) of still near record low yielding debt?!? The only previous period that the domestic public bought even 2/3rds the present amount, asset valuations were in free fall from 2008 to 2010 as money rotated from risk to perceived safety.
    From 2009 through 2014, during Quantitative Easing, the Federal Reserve was buying up to $45 billion in Treasury debt on a monthly basis. During the 2014 QE taper, the Fed was reducing their monthly purchases until they ceased altogether at years end. The end of Fed buying via QE was the trigger for foreigners to do likewise and cease buying and begin net selling US Treasury debt.
    So, the Federal Reserve and foreigners have ceased buying and Intra-Governmental surplus have been muted by demographic and population shifts…that means nearly $70 billion a month domestically being spent on low yielding Treasury bonds instead of stocks, instead of corporate bonds, instead of RE or CRE. This should represent anti-QE or fiscal tightening. However, in the face of what essentially amounts to billions in monthly tightening of the money supply, assets (excluding commodities, the foundation of all economic activity) are ramping upward?!? Clearly, something else is happening.

    This post was published at Zero Hedge on Feb 22, 2017.